Lactic Acid

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One of the gentlest chemical peels is a lactic acid peel. Unlike a glycolic acid peel or a salicylic acid peel, a lactic acid peel is extra gentle and good for even the most sensitive skin.

Lactic acid

Lactic acid is derived from sour milk. It’s an alpha hydroxy acid like glycolic acid, but is much gentler and helps the skin maintain its ideal PH factor.

Lactic acid peels help to remove germs, dead cells and toxins from the skin. People who have them done often report that their skin feels much smoother and looks more toned than before.

Lactic acid peels are best for people who have very sensitive skin that might not be able to tolerate the slightly more intense glycolic acid peels. Although lactic acid peels are gentler, they usually provide many of the same benefits as the other peels, but in a less intense version.

Lactic acid peels

A lactic acid peel can be performed at home with a store-bought peel, or can be performed in a doctor or aesthetician’s office. They come in a variety of intensities. The most intense – 70% — is good for mature skin and helps to reduce the look of wrinkles.

The lactic acid peel that contains a 50% concentration is good for normal skin that needs a little toning or skin that’s dry or dehydrated. This is the ideal concentration for bringing back some moisture to the skin.

A 30% peel is perfect for very sensitive skin, skin that’s prone to acne and skin that’s very oily. Many times people who have never had a lactic acid peel will choose the 30% concentration because it is a great “starter” peel. Once they know their skin can handle it, they can move onto a peel that contains a bit higher concentration. This concentration, however, still provides numerous benefits to the skin.

Benefits and precautions

As with other chemical peels, the lactic acid peel can provide a significant benefit to your skin. You can reduce the look of fine lines and wrinkles and help to improve acne or oily skin. Even dry skin can benefit from a lactic acid peel, as it can restore PH and help the skin drink in moisture you provide (in the form of good-quality moisturizers).

This is often called a “starter peel” because the lactic acid peel is the most gentle of all the chemical peels and usually results in few if any side effects. Once people have successfully had lactic acid peels with no trouble, they sometimes move onto peels that are little more intense, such as a glycolic acid peel.

Lactic acid peels demand the same precautions as other peels. Be sure to use a good sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 for a few weeks after the peel. Your skin will be much more sensitive to the sun after a lactic acid peel. As well, if you have any itchiness or redness, be sure to report  

Glycolic Acid

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If you are looking to uncover the smooth and younger skin beneath what you have now, you might be considering a glycolic acid peel. The benefits are immense but it’s important to understand what they are and what they can (and can’t) do for your skin.

Glycolic acid is currently a popular treatment for winkles and acne. Part of the alpha hydroxyl family of natural ingredients, glycolic acid is derived from sugar cane and is a fruit acid. When applied to the skin, it helps to remove the “glue” that holds the older, rougher and dryer skin on the surface. When it removes that top layer of skin, the fresh, new layer is visible. It’s this layer that’s without damage and which looks fresher.

People who have glycolic acid peels are often amazed with the results – they look younger, with fewer fine lines and wrinkles and if they have acne, they often notice their skin is quite a bit less oily and is much clearer.

How does a glycolic acid peel work?

You might decide to have a peel done when you have cosmetic surgery performed, but it’s not necessary to combine the two. A chemical peel can be performed without having any other cosmetic surgery performed, and while it can produce impressive results, a glycolic acid (or other) peel isn’t designed to take the place of a face lift or other cosmetic surgery.

If you decide on a glycolic acid peel, you are choosing to have a fairly light peel done that will usually result in few, if any, side effects.

A light layer of the peel is applied to your face and left for a period of time that will depend on the particular peel you are having, the reasons for having it and the person who is performing the peel.

With a light peel like a glycolic acid peel, there is no real recovery time and no pain relievers are necessary. If you do feel any discomfort during the procedure (which would likely only be slightly irritation to the skin) you might be given a Tylenol or Motrin.

Side effects

There are few if any side effects to having a glycolic acid peel. Right after the procedure you might feel some burning, but it often goes away quickly. You might have some redness, but again, this usually goes away fairly quickly. If you have sensitive or very fair skin you are more likely to encounter these discomforts.

Glycolic acid can make your skin more sensitive to the sun, so you should wear a good sun block (at least SPF 30) after having a glycolic acid peel.

Future treatments

Often one glycolic acid peel isn’t enough. You will usually be given a series of treatments over a prescribed period of time.

Pumpkin Pineapple Enzyme

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Enhanced with Papaya Extract & Alpha Hydroxy Acids

(*Most Gentle-Brighten Skin & Improve Texture)


Basics of an Enzyme Peel

An enzyme peel is a blend of natural fruit ingredients (enzymes) and is one of the gentlest methods of exfoliation. Enzyme face peels remove top layers of skin to exfoliate and expedite cell turnover, leading to a fresher, more glowing skin. The procedures are used all over the world to treat skin problems such as wrinkles and lines, acne scars, hyper-pigmentation, and sun damage. Enzyme skin peels do not contain acids, therefore, it leaves the skin pH balanced.

Why Pumpkin Pineapple?

Pumpkin contains natural AHAs and enzymes (proteolytic enzymes) which encourage exfoliating properties, increase cell turnover rate and promote healthy production of collagen and elastin. Papaya and pineapple contains natural fruit enzymes (papain) and (bromelain enzymes) which gently digest keratinized dead epithelium cells on the skin’s surface, while maintaining protective lipid layers.


As with any peel, you want to protect your skin with an SPF of at least 30 and avoid prolonged sun exposure.

Salicylic Acid

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It’s common to seek outside help when your skin becomes older and shows fine lines and wrinkles. Or perhaps it’s just trouble – full of enlarged pores and blackheads and whiteheads.

That outside help can come in the form of a chemical peel and one of the most popular is a salicylic acid peel, which provides many of the same benefits as other chemical peels, but is often gentler to the skin.

Basics of salicylic acid

Salicylic acid is part of the beta hydroxyl acid family. It’s a natural product that is usually fairly gentle to the skin.

Salicylic acid is often used as an ingredient in products that provide care for acne and those that are used for exfoliating purposes. In these products, the salicylic acid concentration is usually limited to less than 5%.

Salicylic acid is also found in chemical peels. In this formulation, salicylic acid might be found in a concentration of up to 25%. When used a chemical peel, salicylic acid is successful at reducing fine lines and wrinkles and diminishing the look of whiteheads and blackheads and is helpful at making the skin look more toned and even.

How salicylic acid peels work

When you have a salicylic acid peel done, a peel is placed on your skin and left for 10 to 20 minutes. The concentration can vary, but most in-office salicylic acid peels are usually at a 25% concentration.

After the peel has been on your face for those 10 to 20 minutes, it will be removed. Most people suffer no discomfort like what they might encounter with a glycolic acid peel. It’s possible to have some slight irritation or redness, but it’s usually quite minor and clears up quickly.

It’s important to know that just one session of a salicylic acid peel isn’t usually enough. It’s ideal to get more than one – most doctors and aestheticians will recommend a series of 6 to 10 sessions to get the best benefit.


After having a salicylic acid peel, your skin might be shiny and could be red for just a few hours. Some people report having itchy skin as well.

As with many other kinds of chemical peels, a salicylic acid peel will make your skin more sensitive to the sun. Be sure to wear a high SPF when you go outside, particularly for the first few days after having the peel.

People with dark or black skin should be aware that repeated salicylic acid peels (or repeatedly using products that contain salicylic acid) can cause hypo pigmentation and possibly light scarring.

Anyone who is having a salicylic acid peel should stop exfoliating their skin in the days before the peel is performed. Not doing so might cause the peel to absorb fairly deeply into the dermis of the skin and cause damage.

Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA)

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How TCA peels compare to other chemical peels

A TCA peel is a light-to-medium strength peel. There are different types of chemical peels which vary according to their specific ingredients and strength. The depth of the peel is determined by a number of factors including how long the peel is left on the skin and whether it is applied lightly or rubbed more vigorously onto the skin.

Mild TCA peels can be repeated frequently in order to achieve cumulative effects, or TCA can be used to achieve a medium or even a deep peel, depending on the acid concentration and manner of application.

Who should consider a TCA peel?

If you have any of the following conditions you might be a good candidate for a TCA peel:

· wrinkled or sun-damaged facial skin

· vertical wrinkles around your mouth

· "crow's feet" lines around your eyes

· fine wrinkling of your upper eyelids

· brown spots or blotchy skin color

· certain precancerous skin growths

· acne or chicken pox scars

· superficial facial scars from a past injury

Like the other resurfacing methods, the TCA peel is effective in treating wrinkles, blotchiness or age spots, and scars from acne or other causes. Certain other characteristics of your skin, such as its thickness and texture, may influence whether you are a good candidate for this chemical peel.

TCA peel experience

Your provider will carefully examine your skin to determine which resurfacing technique, or combination of treatments, will provide you with the best results. Your skin type, the severity of any sun damage, the extent of uneven pigmentation and the depth of skin imperfections will be evaluated. Fine lines, coarse wrinkling or deep acne scarring each may require a different approach to treatment.

You should come to the consultation prepared to discuss your medical history. This will include information about any medical conditions, drug allergies, medical treatments you have received, and medications that you currently take. Be sure to tell your provider if you have ever had X-ray treatments of your facial skin such as those used in the treatment of acne or if you have had a prior chemical peeling procedure. Current or past use of Accutane, as well as Retin-A and other topical skin preparations, must be reported. For your safety, it is important that you provide complete information.

Recovery after TCA peel

A few days after the procedure, new skin with a bright pink color akin to sunburn will emerge. The pinkness will fade within a few days. Post-operative puffiness will also subside in a few days, but the skin will remain sensitive. Patients should avoid exposure to sunlight and continue to use sun block.

It is important to realize that the amount of time it takes for recovery varies greatly among individuals. During the first few days, you will likely experience redness and swelling to varying degrees. Typically, the outer layer of skin will turn a light to dark brown. You will be advised about cleansing your skin and when or if you should apply any ointments or moisturizers. In the case of men who have undergone resurfacing procedures, shaving must be delayed for a while. It is essential that you follow your provider's instructions and avoid doing anything that might interrupt the healing process.

Results to expect from TCA peel

It may take some time -- possibly even months -- before you can fully appreciate your new look. The results are worth waiting for and, in the case of deeper treatments, the benefits are relatively long-lasting. More superficial resurfacing treatments may need to be repeated periodically in order to maintain their benefits. 

Your skin will continue to age and wrinkles caused by movement of your facial muscles will eventually reappear. Some wrinkles may return sooner than others, depending on their location and the extent of your resurfacing treatment. Despite this, you can expect improvements in skin quality and texture achieved by resurfacing will make your complexion appear younger and fresher for many years to come.

TCA peel side effects

It is important to avoid direct or indirect exposure to the sun until all the redness or pinkness of your skin has subsided. Even after that regular use of a sunblock with an SPF of at least 30 is advised. If the area around your eyes has been treated, you should wear good quality sunglasses when outdoors. After some types of skin resurfacing treatments, you may need to be careful about exposing your skin to chlorinated water.

Diamond Tip Microdermabrasion

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Did you ever wish you can wave a magic wand over your face and poof—your sun damage, scars, blotchiness or lines are erased?

If you have then join the club!  

If you opt not to go the invasive route, then Microdermabrasion, also referred to as mechanical exfoliation, can give your skin superb results (not miracles, but very effective results).

Whether you struggle with skin discoloration, acne-prone, scarred or wrinkled skin, Microdermabrasion can definitely help. When you start inquiring about non-invasive skin resurfacing treatments you can wind up pretty confused and overwhelmed. So, we have broken down the most important points to ponder when considering microdermabrasion, to help educate you on the magic of this micro resurfacing method.

How Does It Work?

Microdermabrasion, also referred to as mechanical exfoliation or micro resurfacing, is a method for facial rejuvenation that uses a mechanical medium for exfoliation along with adjustable suction to sweep away the outermost layer of dead skin cells from the epidermis. It is a non-invasive procedure, which is performed in-office by a trained skin care professional. Candidates include individuals struggling with sun damage, acne prone and blotchy skin, fine scars, slight wrinkles, keratoses, large pores, non-inflamed whiteheads caused by keratin-clogged pores, or unfavorable skin texture.

The exfoliation and suctioning disrupts the skin’s surface causing cell division. As the skin cells divide fibroblast activity is stimulated leading to collagen production, which leads to thicker, firmer skin. Human skin sloughs off at a slower rate with age, so the exfoliation of several layers of the stratum corneum (surface skin layers) leaves skin fresh and radiant. Microdermabrasion can be done to decrease the appearance of superficial hyperpigmentation, photo-damage, diminish fine lines, wrinkles, and shallow acne scars, which helps to even out the texture. Removing the dead skin will aid in the penetration of skin care products by up to 50% and makeup will go on much more smoothly.

What are the Risks and Side Effects

There aren’t many risks with microdermabrasion if you are a “healthy” adult and the skin care professional uses the level appropriate for your skin. Striping can occur in clients with very sensitive skin. Avoid the treatment in cases of inflamed acne. Be aware that bleeding can occur on skin with some forms of acne or recently shaved skin, which can indicate that the levels may be too high.

How Many Treatments Will I Need?

A normal course of treatments varies between 6-10 at approximately 2-3 week intervals. It is recommended that you schedule an additional treatment every 1-3 months to maintain your skins condition. Most individuals actually feel and see a difference just after two or three treatments, but schedule additional treatments to increase this improvement. Combining this treatment process with a good SPF 30 sunblock and high-quality skin products will help you maintain your improved skin.

Be advised, raised or deeply pitted skin areas (possibly from old severe acne scars) and darker pigmented areas will require multiple treatments over extended amounts of time. While Microdermabrasion helps superficial problems, it is not the cure all for heavily damaged skin; it is a noninvasive technique for those of you who do not need a serious laser or chemical peel treatment.

What to Expect After Treatment

Deep exfoliation usually leaves the skin tighter and drier afterward. A hydrating serum, moisturizer and sunscreen are essential post-diamond peel/microderm treatments to ensure glowing skin. Some redness can be expected afterwards, however this is not likely to persist more than a few hours. The sensation of having a mild windburn or sunburn will also pass after a few hours. Applying a high-quality moisturizer and hydrating serum will help the healing process.

Avoid sun exposure for 5-7 days after a treatment and make sure to use SPF 30 sunscreen, as exposure to UV radiation is one of the key factors in speeding the skin aging process.